I attended the conference of the Human Behaviour and Evolution Society, which is a US based Evolutionary Psychology organisation. The presentations by PHds and Post-docs were very varied and generally very good, and the final address by Frans de Waal was fantastic. He asks: Are we smart enough to tell how smart animals are? This is his latest book, and he presented it well, encouraging all evolutionary researchers to consider whether we tend to measure animal intelligence against out own, which tends to limit our true understanding of their amazing specialist adaptations to their own environments. He has spent all his life actually observing animals, especially primates, and so speaks from long experience in the field.